Peru

Peru

Things to do - general

The hotspot in Peru is the city of Cusco located in the southern portion of the country. From Cusco, you can organise tours to see the archaeological sites of the Inkas, the main attraction being Machu Picchu. This 15th-century Inka site draws hundreds of thousands of tourists each year to see the ancient ruins and hike the Inka Trail. However, there is much more to Peru than this site and there are even more archaeological interests, such as the Inka Cradle of Gold and Northern Kingdoms.

In addition to archaeology, Peru boasts the second largest amount of Amazon Rainforest and more species of animals and plants have been found in this region than in others. As Earth’s largest container of life, this is clearly a must see if you’re even a little bit interested in nature.

If you like Monkeys, Sloths, Macaws, Parrots and other Birds, the Amazon Rainforest should be on your list. If you would like to unwind free from the stresses of city life, a tour of the Amazon Rainforest is also recommended. You can choose budget friendly visits, such as from Puerto Maldonado, as well as luxury cruises from Iquitos. If you’re after adventure for deeper experiences of the Amazon Rainforest, you can find these tours from both Puerto Maldonado and Iquitos. We have selected some of the best tour operators to make sure you make the most of your visit. Continue To Amazon Tours >>

Protected Areas

The protected areas in Peru include the following UNESCO World Heritage listed areas:

UNESCO World Heritage listed Cultural Protected Areas:

  • Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (1986)
  • Chavin (Archaeological Site) (1985)
  • City of Cuzco (1983)
  • Historic Centre of Lima (1988)
  • Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (2000)
  • Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (1994)
  • Sacred City of Caral-Supe (2009)
  • Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (1983)

UNESCO World Heritage listed Natural Protected Areas:

  • Huascarán National Park (1985)
  • Manú National Park (1987)
  • Río Abiseo National Park (1990)

Complementing these areas, there are many more national parks and reserves that protect an incredible number and diversity of birds, mammals, amphibians, plants, insects and reptiles as well as offering protection for the Amazon’s remaining indigenous populations.

Other protected areas of Amazon Rainforest:

  • Pacaya Samiria National Reserve, Loreto
  • Tamshiyacu Tahuayo Reserve, Loreto
  • Allpahuayo-Mishana National Reserve, Loreto
  • Matsés National Reserve, Loreto
  • Bahuaja-Sonene National Park, Madre de Dios
  • Tambopata National Reserve, Madre de Dios
  • Otishi National Park, Junín

Other Peruvian protected areas:

  • Paracas National Reserve, Ica
  • Lachay Hills Reserve, Lima
  • Titicaca, Puno
  • National Reserve of Pampa Galeras Barbara D’Achille, Ayacucho
  • Salinas and Aguada Blanca National Reserve, Arequipa
  • Tumbes National Reserve, Tumbes

Nature

These reserves, especially those in the Amazon Rainforest, contain an incredible diversity of wildlife. Some reserves, such as the Pampa Galeras National Reserve, protect Peru’s wild camelids, the ancestors of llamas and alpacas.

Peru is a bird enthusiast’s paradise. From the Andes to the Amazon, you can find incredible bird life. The National Bird of Peru is the Cock of the Rock (Rupicola peruvianus), easily seen near the Cock of the Rock Lodge on a 3D/2N tour from Cusco.

As Peru contains a large portion of the Amazon Rainforest, the country includes a large amount of Amazon wildlife, such as sloths, monkeys, macaws, giant otters, anacondas and much more, which you can see from Peru’s top Amazon Rainforest Lodges.

Gastronomy

Peru is a hit with food lovers worldwide for its traditional and unique cuisine. If you’re even a little bit interested in sampling different foods, you will have already heard about ceviche, a dish originating in Peru consisting of raw fish drizzled with lemon, lime and spices.

Lock up your pets for the next dish, as you may not have realised that Guinea Pigs were originally bred for food and as Europeans farmed Sheep, Goats and Cows, Peruvians living in the Andes farmed Guinea Pigs known locally as cuy.

There are many other main meals to try like various beef, chicken and even alpaca dishes as well as meals centered around the potato. Potatoes originated in Peru and only a few varieties from the thousands available were exported to the rest of the world.

For dessert, again there are many varieties available like the Suspiro a la Limeña, which had its origins in the 19th Century and includes peanut and meringue flavors. Another traditional dessert from the colonial era is Frejol Colado, which is made using black or red beans, honey molasses, clove and toasted sesame seeds. The preparation varies, but usually includes cinnamon, nutmeg, anise, red wine, molasses, and brown sugar.

Of an evening, the cocktail of choice is the Pisco Sour, which has a heavy citrus, sour flavor and had its origins in Lima, Peru.

Cities

The main cities in Peru to base yourself for a Peruvian adventure are:

  • Lima: Gastronomy, culture, base for tours to other areas
  • Cusco: Machu Picchu, Cradle of Gold, Manu cloud forest
  • Puerto Maldonado: Most developed Amazon tourism industry
  • Iquito: Amazon lodges & cruises on the Amazon River
  • Cajamarca: Explore Inca history
  • Chiclayo: Explore Chachapoyas history
Languages spokenSpanish
Currency usedPeruvian Nuevo Sol
Inkaterra Reserva Amazonica

Inkaterra Reserva Amazonica

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest
Price per person from $ 711
The Inkaterra Reserva Amazonica offers luxury accommodation in the rainforest of Puerto Maldonado, P More info
The Amazon Villa

The Amazon Villa

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 1,072
Explore the Amazon Rainforest in comfort on a premium experience at the Tambopata Amazon Villa. The More info
The Belmond Adventurous Peru Tour

The Belmond Adventurous Peru Tour

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 6,420
The Belmond Adventurous Peru Tour offers a luxury-level adventure experience with a focus on some of More info
The Belmond Essential Peru Tour

The Belmond Essential Peru Tour

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 4,075
The Belmond Essential Peru Tour includes some of the favorite sights and experiences Peru has to off More info
The Belmond Insider's Peru Tour

The Belmond Insider's Peru Tour

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 5,220
The Belmond Insider’s Peru Tour offers a 7-day luxury experience of Peru’s most famous attractions a More info
The Belmond Unmissable Peru Tour

The Belmond Unmissable Peru Tour

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 4,510
The Belmond Unmissable Peru Tour offers a luxury-level experience including some of Peru’s top More info
The Bio Trip

The Bio Trip

Cusco, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 2,413
Regarded as one of the most spectacular nature tours in South America, on the Bio Trip you will trav More info
The Ceiba Tops Lodge

The Ceiba Tops Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 536
The Ceiba Tops Lodge is a rainforest lodge 40 km (25 mi) from Iquitos in northern Peru and is positi More info
The Cock of the Rock Lodge

The Cock of the Rock Lodge

Cusco, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 821
The Cock of the Rock Lodge is situated on the eastern slope of the Peruvian Andes in pristine Cloud More info
The Explorama Lodge

The Explorama Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 757
The Explorama Lodge is an Amazon Rainforest lodge from Iquitos located 80 km from the city itself. F More info
The ExplorNapo Lodge

The ExplorNapo Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 1,215
The ExplorNapo Lodge is located on the Napo River about 160 km from Iquitos. From the lodge, you can More info
The Heath River Lodge & Sandoval Lake Lodge Combo

The Heath River Lodge & Sandoval Lake Lodge Combo

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 980
On our Heath River & Sandoval Lake Lodge Amazon tour, you will combine a pleasant trip to Sando More info
The Heath River Wildlife Center

The Heath River Wildlife Center

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 756
The Heath River Wildlife Center, or Heath River Lodge, is the only lodge on the Heath River, which r More info
The Inca Trail Classic

The Inca Trail Classic

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 1,080
This is the classic four-day trek along the Inca trail to Machu Picchu. This magnificent hike is for More info
The Inca Trail Discovery

The Inca Trail Discovery

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 1,173
Our five-day program allows the traveler time to explore and enjoy the amazing archaeological sites, More info
The Manu Adventurer

The Manu Adventurer

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 2,054
You will have an indepth experience of the Manu lowlands by visiting the Manu Wildlife Center, which More info
The Manu Explorer

The Manu Explorer

Cusco, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 2,597
Regarded as one of the most fascinating nature tours in South America, you will travel to the Cloud More info
The Manu Tapir & Macaws Tour

The Manu Tapir & Macaws Tour

Cusco, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 2,856
Regarded as one of the most incredible natural tours on the continent, you will visit the Andean clo More info
The Manu Tented Camp

The Manu Tented Camp

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 2,054
The Manu Tented Camp has a comfortable and simple construction designed to cause minimal impact on t More info
The Manu Wildlife Center

The Manu Wildlife Center

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 1,627
The Manu Wildlife Center is a world-renowned lodge among nature lovers for its incredible wildlife-w More info
The Muyuna Lodge

The Muyuna Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 395
The Muyuna Lodge sits in the Amazon Rainforest of northern Peru and is accessible from Peru’s Amazon More info
The Otorongo Lodge

The Otorongo Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 600
From the Otorongo Lodge, you will enjoy a private guide and custom itinerary to explore the less-vis More info
The Posada Amazonas Lodge

The Posada Amazonas Lodge

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 444
We had an amazing time at Posada Amazonas and would recommend it to anyone wanting to go to the Amaz More info
The Refugio Amazonas Lodge

The Refugio Amazonas Lodge

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 444
The best end to a fantastic intrepid trip in Peru…!! Wish we had of spent more time there̷ More info
The Sandoval Lake Lodge

The Sandoval Lake Lodge

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 317
On the Sandoval Lake Lodge Amazon tour, you will enjoy guided excursions of the Sandoval Lake. From More info
The Short Inca Trail

The Short Inca Trail

Cusco, Peru, South America
Price per person from $ 649
This trip allows a taste of the Inca Trail without days of hiking and camping. We begin the hike fro More info
The Tahuayo Lodge

The Tahuayo Lodge

Iquitos, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 1,095
From the Tahuayo Lodge, you will explore the Amazon Rainforest’s wildlife-rich Tamshiyacu Tahu More info
The Tambopata Research Center

The Tambopata Research Center

Puerto Maldonado, Peru, Amazon Rainforest, South America
Price per person from $ 803
Positioned in the middle of the wildlife-rich Tambopata National Reserve near one of the largest mac More info
Aria Amazon Cruise

Aria Amazon Cruise

Price per person from $ 3,645
The Aria Amazon Cruise is one of the few luxury vessels to cruise the Amazon River. The vessel was c More info
The Delfin I

The Delfin I

Price per person from $ 3,800
Offering an on-board experience second to none, the Delfin I Luxury Cruise begins in Iquitos, north More info
The Delfin II

The Delfin II

9 / 10
Price per person from $ 3,040
The Delfin II Luxury Amazon Cruise begins near Iquitos from the small town of Nauta. You will be tra More info
The Delfin III

The Delfin III

Price per person from $ 1,700
The Delfin III (previously known as the Amazon Discovery Cruise), provides a luxury cruise of the Am More info